Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Analytical Chemistry, Volume 86, Issue 3, p.1726 - 1734 (2014)
Nitrous oxide is an important greenhouse gas and ozone-depleting-substance. Its sources are diffuse and poorly characterized, complicating efforts to understand anthropogenic impacts and develop mitigation policies. Online, spectroscopic analysis of N2O isotopic composition can provide continuous measurements at high time resolution, giving new insight into N2O sources, sinks, and chemistry. We present a new preconcentration unit, ?Stheno II?, coupled to a tunable infrared laser direct absorption spectroscopy (TILDAS) instrument, to measure ambient-level variations in 18O and site-specific 15N N2O isotopic composition at remote sites with a temporal resolution of <1 h. Trapping of N2O is quantitative up to a sample size of ?4 L, with an optimal sample size of 1200?1800 mL at a sampling frequency of 28 min. Line shape variations with the partial pressure of the major matrix gases N2/O2 and CO2 are measured, and show that characterization of both pressure broadening and Dicke narrowing is necessary for an optimal spectral fit. Partial pressure variations of CO2 and bath gas result in a linear isotopic measurement offset of 2.6?6.0 ? mbar?1. Comparison of IR MS and TILDAS measurements shows that the TILDAS technique is accurate and precise, and less susceptible to interferences than IR MS measurements. Two weeks of measurements of N2O isotopic composition from Cambridge, MA, in May 2013 are presented. The measurements show significant short-term variability in N2O isotopic composition larger than the measurement precision, in response to meteorological parameters such as atmospheric pressure and temperature.