Estimating emissions of HCFC-22 and CFC-11 in China by atmospheric observations and inverse modeling

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Science China Chemistry, Volume 55, Issue 10, p.2233 - 2241 (2012)


1674-7291, 1869-1870



Chemistry/Food Science, general, China, emissions, FLEXPART model, HCFC-22 and CFC-11, inversion modeling method


This paper presents the estimation of Chinese emissions of HCFC-22 and CFC-11 in 2009 by an inverse modeling method based on in-situ measurement data from the Shangdianzi Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Regional Station (SDZ) and atmospheric transport simulations. After inversion (a-posteriori) estimates of the Chinese emissions in 2009 increased by 6.6% for HCFC-22 from 91.7 (± 83.6) to 98.3 (± 47.4) kt/yr and by 22.5% for CFC-11 from 13 (±12.6) to 15.8 (±7.2) kt/yr compared to an a-priori emission. While the model simulation with a-priori emissions already captured the main features of the observed variability at the measurement site, the model performance (in terms of correlation and mean-square-error) improved using a-posteriori emissions. The inversion reduced the root-mean-square (RMS) error by 4% and 10% for HCFC-22 and CFC-11, respectively.